Climate change is a global challenge that has no borders and to combat it requires coordinated work by all countries.
Many people do not know what it really amounts to, either due to unreliable sources or deliberate misinformation, which has led to a series of myths about climate change. In these pages, we tackle the subject from an objective, scientific viewpoint, discussing the causes and consequences of climate change and how it should be tackled.
First, we need to clarify two concepts often mistaken for synonyms: climate change and global warming. There is an important difference between them, however, given that it is global warming that causes climate change. As the planet’s temperature rises more than it would naturally, the climate varies.
Although it is certain that Earth has naturally warmed up and got colder during other eras, such cycles have always been much slower, taking millions of years, whereas now, within a period of just 200 years, we are reaching levels that in the past brought about extinctions.
Before going over the causes and effects of climate change, let’s explain why you don’t care about climate change.
CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF CLIMATE CHANGE
The main cause of climate change is global warming, which has many negative consequences on physical, biological and human systems, as well as other effects.
CAUSES OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Global warming is caused by the greenhouse effect, a natural process by which the atmosphere retains some of the Sun’s heat, allowing the Earth to maintain the necessary conditions to host life. Without the greenhouse effect, the average temperature of the planet would be -180C.
The problem is that daily human activities maximize the greenhouse effect, causing the planet’s temperature to increase even more.
The Global Burden of Disease report is a systematic, scientific report designed to quantify loss due to diseases, injuries and risk factors by age, sex and geography for specific points in time
Dramatic progress has been made in Sub-Saharan Africa in reducing the loss of life from many types of communicable diseases and conditions of early childhood, especially diarrheal diseases and lower respiratory infections
Deaths from measles and malaria have also plummeted since 1990
WASHINGTON, September 4, 2013 — In the last two decades, the global health landscape has undergone rapid transformation. People around the world are living longer than ever before, and the population is getting older. The number of people in the world is growing. Many countries have made remarkable progress in preventing child deaths. As a result, disease burden is increasingly defined by disability instead of premature mortality. The leading causes of death and disability have changed from communicable diseases in children to non-communicable diseases in adults. Eating too much has overtaken hunger as a leading risk factor for illness. While there are clear trends at the global level, there is substantial variation across regions and countries.
Nowhere is this contrast more striking than in Sub-Saharan Africa, where communicable, maternal, nutritional, and newborn diseases continue to dominate. Dramatic progress has been made in reducing the loss of life from many types of communicable diseases and conditions of early childhood, especially diarrheal diseases and lower respiratory infections. These diseases still account for the most health loss in the region, but their relative burdens are much lower today than 20 years ago.
This publication summarizes the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study findings and highlights the regional findings for Sub-Saharan Africa. It also explores intraregional differences in diseases, injuries, and risk factors. The overall findings for Sub-Saharan Africa are:
The Sub-Saharan Africa region has made overall progress in reducing mortality and prolonging life since 1970; however, some countries showed elevated rates of death within certain age groups and for sexes, between 1990 and 2010. Mozambique, for example, has seen rising mortality rates among women aged 25 to 29.
In the last 20 years, the region has succeeded in decreasing premature death and disability from some communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal causes, especially from diarrheal diseases and lower respiratory infections. Throughout the region, deaths from measles and tetanus have substantially declined since 1990. Malaria and HIV/AIDS accounted for more health loss in 2010 than in 1990, but both diseases peaked between 2000 and 2005 in most countries.
Although their relative burdens have declined, communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal causes such as diarrheal diseases, lower respiratory infections, and protein-energy malnutrition remained the top drivers of health loss in most Sub-Saharan Africa countries, especially in lower-income countries like Niger and Sierra Leone.
Between 1990 and 2010, disease burden from many non-communicable causes increased, particularly stroke, depression, diabetes, and ischemic heart disease among upper-middle-income countries in the region.
As many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have become more developed, road injuries have taken a growing toll on human health. Many countries experienced increased levels of interpersonal violence, especially in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Lesotho. In Somalia and Sudan, past and ongoing conflicts have resulted in higher levels of health loss due to war.
In most of Sub-Saharan Africa, a larger percentage of healthy years were lost due to disability in 2010 compared to 1990. The leading causes of disability in the region, such as depression and low back pain, were largely consistent with the leading causes at the global level; however, communicable diseases like HIV/AIDS and malaria accounted for a larger proportion of disability in Sub-Saharan Africa than the world as a whole. In 2010, nutritional deficiencies, especially iron-deficiency anemia, accounted for nearly twice the health loss in Sub-Saharan Africa than they did globally; this trend was primarily driven by lower-income countries and was not seen in upper-middle-income countries in the region, such as Mauritius and the Seychelles.
Under-nutrition and household air pollution were among the leading risk factors for premature death and disability in Sub-Saharan Africa. In most countries, substantial progress has been made in reducing risks like childhood underweight, suboptimal breastfeeding, and vitamin deficiencies, such that their burdens have declined between 30% and 50% in the last 20 years. Nonetheless, these risk factors remain among the top three contributors to health loss throughout the region, especially among lower-income countries.
Alcohol use, high blood pressure, and smoking were also top contributors to health loss in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Among upper-middle income countries in the region, such as Gabon and South Africa, high fasting plasma glucose and high body mass index accounted for more health loss. In lower-income countries, such as the Central African Republic, childhood underweight was the primary risk factor that drove larger health burdens.
Medicinal plants as the solution for Africa.
African traditional medicine is a form of holistic health care system organized into three levels of specialty, namely divination, spiritualism, and herbalism. The traditional healer provides health care services based on culture, religious background, knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs that are prevalent in his community. Illness is regarded as having both natural and supernatural causes and thus must be treated by both physical and spiritual means, using divination, incantations, animal sacrifice, exorcism, and herbs. Herbal medicine is the cornerstone of traditional medicine but may include minerals and animal parts. The adjustment is ok, but may be replaced with –‘ Herbal medicine was once termed primitive by western medicine but through scientific investigations there is a better understanding of its therapeutic activities such that many pharmaceuticals have been modeled on phytochemicals derived from it. Major obstacles to the use of African medicinal plants are their poor quality control and safety. Traditional medical practices are still shrouded with much secrecy, with few reports or documentations of adverse reactions. However, the future of African traditional medicine is bright if viewed in the context of service provision, increase of health care coverage, economic potential, and poverty reduction. Formal recognition and integration of traditional medicine into conventional medicine will hold much promise for the future
We’re already seeing the effects of human-caused climate change — but nature can help.
We’re already seeing the effects of climate change, but thankfully, we’re equipped with the most effective tool to mitigate and adapt to it: nature. Protecting nature today means a better planet for future generations. Share these facts about climate change and help make a difference:
408 parts per million. The concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in our atmosphere, as of 2018, is the highest it has been in 3 million years.
2016 was the warmest year on record. NASA and NOAA data show that global averages in 2016 were 1.78 degrees F (0.99 degrees C) warmer than the mid-20th century average. Seventeen of the 18 warmest years have occurred since 2000.
11% of emissions. Eleven percent of all global greenhouse gas emissions caused by humans are caused by deforestation — comparable to the emissions from all of the cars and trucks on the planet.
The Amazon is a carbon-storing powerhouse. In the Amazon, 1% of tree species sequester 50% of the region’s carbon.
E800 million people. Eleven percent of the world’s population is currently vulnerable to climate change impacts such as droughts, floods, heat waves, extreme weather events and sea-level rise.
FIGHT CLIMATE CHANGE, STAND UP FOR NATURE
Help protect nature — for the health of the planet, for humanity and for future generations. Your donation will help us empower communities around the world to fight climate change.
Coastal ‘blue carbon’ ecosystems are critical. Just 0.7% of the world’s forests are coastal mangroves, yet they store up to 10 times as much carbon per hectare as tropical forests.
Nearly 1 million hectares lost. An area of coastal ecosystems larger than New York City is destroyed every year, removing an important buffer from extreme weather for coastal communities and releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Save nature. It’s cheaper. Conserving ecosystems is often more cost-effective than human-made interventions. In the Maldives, building a sea wall for coastal protection cost about US$ 2.2 billion. Even after 10 years of maintenance costs, it is still four times cheaper to preserve the natural reef.
Nature is an untapped solution. Tropical forests are incredibly effective at storing carbon — providing at least 30% of action needed to prevent the worst climate change scenarios. Yet nature-based solutions only receive only 2% of all climate funding.
195 nations on board. 195 countries signed the 2015 Paris Agreement, agreeing to limit global warming and adapt to climate change, partly by protecting nature.
Price tag: US$ 140 billion per year. This is what it would take to make the changes humanity needs to adapt to a warming world. It may sound like a lot, but it’s less than 0.1% of global GDP.
Fight climate change, naturally. Natural climate solutions like ending deforestation and restoring degraded forests could, at the global level, create 80 million jobs, bring 1 billion people out of poverty and add US$ 2.3 trillion in productive growth.
Play your part to help solve the problem of climate change.
People have been enjoying the health benefits of aromatherapy since the 11th century. This alternative medicine uses essential oils to speed up the healing process, boost energy levels, reduce anxiety, and provide a multitude of other benefits. From France to England, China to the United States, aromatherapy is a viable solution to cure common daily ailments.
Whether you need to reduce your stress levels or increase your digestive capacities, here are some common health conditions that can be treated with the help of essential oils.
One of the most popular uses of aromatherapy is to help relieve stress. The aromatic compounds of many plants will soothe your mind and body. Some of the most common stress-relieving essential oils are lemon, lavender, ylang ylang, bergamot and peppermint.
Did you know that aromatherapy can be used to control depression? That’s right, instead of relying on pharmaceutical antidepressants, many homeopathic medicinal healers choose to use of an essential oil diffuser to provide an alternative treatment. Specialists recommend using lavender, jasmine, chamomile or peppermint.
Increase Memory Capabilities
Memory loss is a widespread disease among the elderly. It’s a frightening experience to discover you’re no longer properly forming short term memories or recalling past events. Studies show that aromatherapy can be used as a supplemental treatment to help people recall memories and form new ones. A commonly used memory-enhancing oil is sage. Experts also maintain that people form strong associations between scents and memories.
Boost Energy Levels
In a world driven by movement, we could all use an energy boost. Unfortunately, stimulants like energy pills, coffee or cigarettes will damage our bodies. While adopting a healthy balance of eating right and exercising, many people also use an essential oil diffuser to help put a little more pep in their step. Black pepper, clove, jasmine, rosemary and tea tree are the most common oils to help increase energy levels and increase circulation without the dangerous side effects of artificial stimulants.
Speed Up Healing and Recovery
Essential oils can naturally assist the body’s healing rate. These oils are known to increase blood flow and oxygen to wounds, which expedites the healing process. The oils also contain anti-microbial properties that help keep the body protected when it’s in recovery mode. The most popular oils for speeding up the body’s natural healing process are buckthorn, calendula, lavender and rosehip.
Whether it’s a debilitating migraine or a hangover, aromatherapy is a good homeopathic solution that will contain your headache and reduce the stress or anxiety that accompanies a headache. The most common oils used to cure headaches are sesame oils, avocado, coconut peppermint, rosemary, eucalyptus and sandalwood.
Powerful Sleep Aid
Are you constantly feeling tired? Do you feel you don’t get enough sleep each night? If so, then fear not, for once again aromatherapy is a proven solution that can help you achieve a balanced sleep schedule and have you waking up feeling rested and collected. These powerful natural oils can also help realign your Circadian rhythm. The most common oils for improving sleep are jasmine, chamomile, lavender, sweet marjoram and ylang ylang.
Enhance Immune System
Medical professionals agree that it’s far better to prevent than it is to treat. Take precautionary steps to prevent illness rather than falling ill and needing medications. To help you stay healthy and boost your immune system, use an essential oil diffuser to mix oils known for their antimicrobial effects. These oils are lemon, eucalyptus, oregano, frankincense and peppermint.
Whether you have a pain in your foot or a pain in your head, aromatherapy provides relief for many ailments. Pain relief is one of the most common benefits of essential oil treatments. With the help of lavender, clary sage, rosemary, juniper or peppermint, you can alleviate many aches and pains.
Aromatherapy treatments are used to aid digestion. Citrus oils can successfully resolve common digestive conditions. From easing constipation to eliminating bloating, these oils are also used to speed up your metabolism so that food is digested faster. The most common digestive improvement oils are ginger, chamomile, clary sage, lavender and fennel.
Talk to your medical provider or a homeopathic doctor about how to incorporate a diffuser to receive numerous health benefits. Whether you need to boost your energy levels or improve your memory, essential oils deliver long lasting benefits that promote a healthier life.
Top 10 Small Business Investment Opportunities in Cameroon
Are you interested in starting a business in Cameroon? If Yes, here are the top 10 best small business ideas & investment opportunities in Cameroon.
Cameroon which is officially known as the Republic of Cameroon is an African country that is located in the central part of Africa and it shares borders with Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
The capital city of Cameroon is Yaounde, but the largest city is Douala and it is the economic capital of the country. French and English languages are the official language of Cameroon and its currency is called Central African CFA (XAF).
The major contributors to the economic growth of Cameroon are the agricultural sector, the tourism sector, the services industry, and the manufacturing sector. The Agric sector happens to be one of the highest employers of the work force in Cameroon. The country is notable for the commercial cultivation of crops like oil palms, cocoa, bananas, rubber, tea, sugar, coffee and tobacco plus fishing and livestock farming.
Although, doing business in Cameroon might not come easy especially for foreigners due to the high level of corruption, but the country still remains the number one destination for logging business in Africa and this sector is predominantly dominated by foreigners probably because the industry is profitable and not regulated.
There are several business opportunities available in Cameroon and these are some of them;
Top 10 Small Business Investment Opportunities in Cameroon
Cameroon is known for the massive cultivation of some of the finest teas in the world. If you are looking for a business to do in Cameroon, then you should consider starting your own tea production company. The truth is that, if your tea is well packaged, you can sell it beyond the borders of Cameroon; tea happens to be one of the exported cash crops from Cameroon.
Livestock farming is another very lucrative business that an entrepreneur can start in Cameroon. Despite the fact that your major market will be the indigenous community where your livestock farm is located, but it is still a profitable business. As a matter of fact, most livestock farms are found in the rural communities in Cameroon and it requires cheap labor to run this kind of business.
The economy of Cameroon is still a growing economy and there are loads of industries that are still at the infancy stage and food processing industry is one of them. The truth is that it is cheaper to get raw materials for food processing companies in Cameroon.
The only challenge that industries faces in Cameroon is the challenge of electrical power, but if you are able to generate your own electrical power to power your factory, then food processing business is the way to go in Cameroon. Aside from getting cheap raw materials, you will also get cheap labors.
Transportation is one major challenge in Cameroon. The country is still grappling with the disorganization in the transport sector. Any investor who can come up with creativity in the transport sector in Cameroon is sure to make good returns on his or her investment. It is fact that connecting the rural communities with the urban communities can be very difficult. Hence, anyone who will come up with a solution will sure make good cash.
5. Plastic Production Company
Cameroon is one of the major exporters of rubber in Africa but they still lack enough manufacturing industries that make use of rubber as their raw materials. If you have a solid financial base, you can consider investing in a manufacturing business. There are several products and components that can be produced with rubber; all you need to do is to conduct your feasibility studies and then discover the product that is in high demand.
6. Licensed Football Agency
If you are conversant with African football, then you might realize that Cameroon is considered a leading football nation in Africa. The truth is that there are many young talented footballers in Cameroun who are looking towards plying their trade overseas, especially in Europe.
All you need to do to leverage on this is to acquire your FIFA Agent license badge, and then negotiate to help European clubs scout for young talents in Cameroun. It is indeed a very rewarding business because it is based on commission and you stand the chance of making good cash from one successful player.
Cameroonians are known to love sports and they patronize sports shops a lot. All you need to do is to rent a shop in a good location, and then ensure that you stock it with the Jerseys of popular clubs in Europe and also other sport wares like football, lawn tennis, boxing gloves, cricket bats, basket ball, javelins, et al.
If you are a caterer and you live in Cameroon, then you should consider starting your own outdoor catering services. Outdoor catering services offer catering services to people who are organizing parties or any event that will require feeding. It could be a tea party, buffet or a cocktail party.
Another viable and profitable business an entrepreneur can start in Cameroon is public address and party rental services. Public address and party rental services entails renting public address gadgets like loud speakers, micro phones, chairs, tables, canopies et al. this kind of business requires moderate capital to set it up. Basically, the areas you will spend money is in the purchase of the stuffs you will put up for rent and also a facility or open field that will be used as a store.
Supply and general merchandise is one business that someone can establish and make instant wealth especially when you land a government contract. If you live in Cameroon, you will agree that loads of contractors flock around government offices to look for contracts. All you need to do to get started with this type of business is to register your own company with the government of Cameroon, and then source for government contracts.
There you have it; some of the business opportunities available in Cameroon.
You may not have loads of cash to spend on marketing in the early stages of your startup in Cameroon, but that doesn’t mean that there aren’t effective ways to get your brand out there.
Before the Internet, small businesses only had a few ways to market their products cheaply, through methods like printing out fliers or sponsoring little local events. Now there are all kinds of opportunities out there on the Web—you just need to know where to look.
Here are seven ways to promote your business online in Cameroon that won’t cost you a dime:
7 Ways to promote your business online in Cameroon
allows it to be found more easily on Google searches by potentials clients online in Cameroon and it shows up on Google Maps. All you have to do is fill out the form and register, then get your business verified through their confirmation process, which can be done either with a phone call or snail mail. Yahoo! also has a big database of businesses called Yahoo! Local
. It’s free, and is certainly worth the few minutes it takes to set up. Microsoft’s Bing
Social media isn’t just a tool to gain exposure online in Cameroon—it has now become a necessary time investment for every business to make. You can tie in ads and offers on your Facebook page and have a direct channel with your customers on Twitter. Networking on LinkedIn—both at the personal and company level—can be another way to help your startup.
It’s easy and free to set up fan pages for your business online in Cameroon on Facebook and other platforms like Youtube, Instagram, Linkedin and Twitter. You may consider doing Facebook Ads for rapid growth if you are an internet marketing expert. It’s always safe to learn how Facebook or Google Ads function before putting in cash or you can rather hire someone who knows better to do it for you.
Instead of throwing away tons of cash on Facebook or Google Ads that do not often deliver, I suggest you use a program called fan page robot to promote your business on social media. This program will help you:
-Automatically Discover new, hot content & Auto-post to Your Social Media Pages and Blogs, including auto-posts to Instagram without a Phone
-Manage Your Posts in a Calendar View
-Discover the top influencers in your Niche
-Get Juicy SEO Backlinks from Social Networks
Fan Page Robot is the social media dashboard that many successful marketing firms use to manage and grow fanpages for their clients. This tool is highly recommended by top marketing brands including Netkipedia.com. Hence, if you want to quickly promote your business online in Cameroon, Fan Page Robot is there for you. Click here to access it.
Start a blog
A blog not only helps your company get its name out through followers but is a way to connect with your consumers more directly. But remember that one of the major keys of blogging is to keep your stream updated as frequently as you can. A dormant, abandoned blog is worth nothing. You may think setting up a blog costs tons of cash. Of course, NO though it used to.
I remember in 2014 when I first thought of starting a blog in Cameroon, I met with cut-throat prices at MTN and Orange ranging from 250,000 FCFA a year for just hosting. But today, you can set up a blog with as low as 60,000 FCFA a year through Netkipedia.
You may as well choose to go for something bigger than a simple blog depending on your business and goals and budget. You could set up a business website, an eCommerce website, or any of these. You can contact Netkipedia for free consulting, they will help you figure out exactly what you need to promote your business online in Cameroon.
Another great way to promote your business to the right audience is to contact influential bloggers in Cameroon and pay them a monthly fee to place ads on their blog. At moneymastertutorials.com, the rates are quite affordable and the results are guaranteed.
The fourth best way to promote your business online in Cameroon id through YouTube and Flickr. YouTube provides a free way to distribute creative promotional videos, but in order to succeed you must put up content that people want to view and are relevant to your business—a simple Ad will not work. A Flickr profile can also help by giving you one place to compile all the photos for your business and allows you to link back to your website.Related: 10 Critical Things To Consider Before Applying For A Loan
Well, you may start thinking you need to invest in video shooting and editing equipment and so forth. Capital NO. You can start by recording basic videos even with your smartphone but let it be clear and interesting. You don’t want to bore your viewers. Share things that will truly help your audience and through this, you can drive traffic to your blog or sell your products/services directly through your channel.
A shorter cut to promote your business online in Cameroon through will be to contact influential YouTubers based in Cameroon, especially those in your niche and ask them to advertise your business in their videos. Now, it could be difficult to find them or seal a profitable deal with them. I advise you to contact me to help you get the right influencers. Being the king (check the stats) of the Make Money Online in Cameroon niche and a YouTuber myself, I have developed quality relationships with most influencers in and out of Cameroon and can likely help you out in this.
Search engine optimization cannot be underestimated in the world of constant Googling. Pick up a book or head over to an online how-to-guide on SEO and make sure your site is primed for performance on search engines. Optimizing your site for search engines is crucial. This is what is literarily known as setting up an autopilot system.
Today, I can boastfully say I am the king in my niche: Making Money Online in Cameroon. Not only do I rank Number 1 for this niche but 2 and even 3. Just imagine your business outranking your competitors in search engines in this way. That will definitely mean a lot of cash for you.
Online Press Releases are mostly free and can boost your business in ways you never imagined. You should definitely use them to promote your business online in Cameroon. Every time your business does something newsworthy, don’t hesitate to shoot off a press release—maybe folks will pick up on it. They’re a powerful media tool to use to help generate publicity, and having a free distribution of them is a bonus. There are dozens of websites out there that you can use for your press releases, such as PRLog and 24/7 Press Release
Join a relevant online community and contribute
Every niche has communities online that you can get involved in. But just signing up for a forum and posting every once in a while about your business isn’t beneficial for anyone, and will likely just annoy people. Actively contribute and build a rapport with the community, while keeping your business out of it. Passively promote your business by putting a link in your signature or mentioning it only when the context is appropriate.Related: Top 10 Young Entrepreneurs in South Africa
I joined Quora some time ago and started participating actively by answering questions related to my blog or business. I often leave a nice learn more link to my blog and this is driving crazy traffic to my blog for free. Just make sure you are actively participating and adding value to the users of such platforms. You will establish brand authority and grow your business’ influence over time.
I understand that many business owners are not that much into setting up things like the ones shared here online in Cameroon but know that most of these is pretty easy and will save you a lot of advertisement money. You could enroll yourself or marketing staff for our Online Entrepreneurship Training program that offers three courses:
Share the loveTimes are hard and our present economy has no regards for its young tender graduates. White-collar jobs are limited but the entrepreneurial world always welcomes that smart #business idea that has the ability to solve the people’s problems. Sometimes young graduates ignore zero capital business ideas, despising a humble beginning and hoping for an air-conditioned office.It’s high time you forget about working for all the multinationals out there and be your own boss. If you finally made up your mind to go solo and be your own boss then it’s an awesome step forward. You can get started with one of the many business ideas I am going to reveal to you. Fortunately, these business ideas require little or zero capital to venture into.
These 7 business ideas with zero capital could be a breakthrough for you as a young daring entrepreneur.
Young graduates have skills in their various disciplines but thinking of working for a big corporation often makes them forget the fact that they can use these acquired skills. There are little businesses around operated by dropouts needing business advice on different aspects. With this special business skill in your possession, you can make a reasonable amount of cash and smile to the bank. This requires zero capital.
2- Potato and Egg Business
Fast food is gradually becoming a culture in Cameroon and selling food is a win-win as food is a basic need to be consumed by all. We all know young graduates have gas-bottle and plate, so venturing into a potato and egg business is a great idea. Such a business requires little or no Startup capital.
3- House Painting
This can be a good source of income and means of earning a living. There are a lot of us who are passionate about painting. Why not turn your passion into a career? You don’t need a license to start a painting enterprise; all you need is to have your apprenticeship training and experience, and some basic minimum equipment like a roller, 3 or 4 inches brush, and masking tape. With these, you can start making good cash.
4- Affiliate Marketing
Everyone can become an affiliate marketer depending on their ability to promote a company’s business or product to encourage their sales volume and receives a commission per sales. This is a promising enterprise that pays well if you play your card well. Why not check out affiliate marketing programs such as Jumia, Konga, Amazon Associates, and Commission Junction if you are interested in this business.
5- Plantain Chips Business
The time has come when you should sleep with one eye open to avoid bunches of plantains in the back yard to be taken away by smart thieves. It might surprise you to know that plantain chips are probably the second fastest moving consumer goods in Cameroon after bakeries. But this business doesn’t require much capital as you can start with a bunch of plantains and a few liters of vegetable oil. You can as well target school canteens, supermarkets and other shops around.
6- Makeup Artist
This job is cool for all those who are passionate about fashion. This art is now gaining tremendous recognition since it is the backbone of the fashion industry. Models need their faces to be masked prior to photo-shoot whereas actors need makeup before performing. This has made this art to be lucrative and a good business to venture in as it requires just the skills and cosmetic products. If you’re pretty good at it, you will have celebrities hunting you to contour their cheekbones, etc. Who knows, tomorrow you might end up with a makeup firm.
You can make a lot of money online as a freelancer when you possess the necessary skills. I know of folks who sit on their laptops for a couple of hours and make a lot of money from freelancing. There are a lot of freelancing sites such as upwork.org, freelancer.com, etc. All you need is a good laptop and a reliable and good internet connection. What are you waiting for? Why not try freelancing?There are numerous business ideas out there that can yield you quite a fortune if you venture into. But you should start with either of the above lucrative business ideas with zero capital. Never despise a humble beginning. It’s good you own a business and be your boss, creating job opportunities to impact your community.
[You can have your LOGO here] [You can have your address here]
CONSTITUTION OF (NAME OF ORGANIZATION)
(NAME OF ORGANIZATION)is an organization that has as its mission to empower women and girls in all spheres of their lives.
We the People of (NAME OF ORGANIZATION)– Cameroon owe to this constitution our humble respect declaring that as members without any distinction of race, sex, colour, religion possess inalienable equal and secret rights.
All members shall have equal rights and obligations.
The Chairperson/Founder of the association shall ensure protection and preservation of all members’ rights and shall ensure the rights of every member to a fair judgment or hearing before any lawful act
It shall however remain established that all activities of this association and the working shall be in accordance to the constitution and as such it shall remain the legislative and judicial arm of the organization.
The privacy of the organization shall however remain inviolate. No interference shall be allowed except by virtue of decision emanating from the founder of the organization.
We therefore call on all the members to pledge their loyalty and respect to this arm. This shall be the only document to control all the affairs of the association both internally and externally.
NAME, MOTTO, SLOGAN, OBJECTIVES, AND ACTIVITIES
Article 1: Name
The name of the organization shall be (NAME OF ORGANIZATION).
Article 2: Motto
(Put your motto here)
Article 3: Slogan
Article 4(a): Objectives
(Below are sample objectives – you can adapt yours to your needs)
To promote a self-supporting, self-government and self-propagating organization that is committed to help mankind especially vulnerable, needy women and young girls.
To raise awareness on women’s rights
To encourage girl child education
To encourage skills training for women
Fight against poverty
Article 4(b): Activities
(NAME OF ORGANIZATION) shall launch and carry out its activities in accordance to its objectives in the following departments as a women and girls empowerment association.
(Below are sample activities– you can adapt yours to your needs)
Women’s rights advocacy
Economic empowerment for women and girls
Social empowerment for women and girls
Communication and public relation
Data base and information
Web content development
GENERAL PROVISIONS AND MEMBERSHIP
Article 5: General provision and mission statement
(For example – adapt yours to your needs)
(NAME OF ORGANIZATION) an empowerment association that sets out to empower women and girls through social and economic empowerment programs.
We exist to guarantee financial independence for women as they look forward to what the future holds. If developed and properly tapped, every woman can exercise great potentials. The headquarters shall be in Bamenda and other branches shall be created when the need arise in Cameroon and beyond.
(NAME OF ORGANIZATION) is looking towards rescuing as many women and girls as possible from poverty into the halls of financial independence and fame.
Article 6: Membership
Membership is open to Cameroonians and foreigners irrespective of race, colour, religion, nationality or language, who have the heart to promote women’s empowerment. All members should not be less than 18years of age
Membership is gained upon a non-refundable registration fee
Every member shall pay an annual subscription due by January of each year
There shall be a quarterly, semester and annual general meetings to evaluate and deliberate and plan for the smooth and successful running of the organization
Members shall be liable to attend meetings, presentations and or reports per the approved period by the General Assembly
Meetings shall be chaired by the President/Chief Executive Officer (CEO) who is the head of the administrative unit, he can however delegate power to any other member of the Executive bench to perform his function
The top executive board members shall meet once a month on every first Saturday of the month to deliberate and evaluate all the affairs of the organization
Members of the executive board are members who share in the vision and objectives of the association and shall serve for a period of three years renewable thrice.
Article7(a): Loss of membership
If any member willfully resign
If anybody becomes mentally incapacitated
If any member involve in tarnishing the image, dignity and interest of the organization
Failing to pay the annual subscription of a new year
If any member becomes inactive towards the development of the organization for up to one year
If any member misappropriate the organization’s money
If any member becomes absent in three (3) consecutive meetings of the general assembly. If any member violates the rules and regulations of the organization, or disregard the rules of the organization, involve in tarnishing the reputation, image and anti-organizational activities, or involve in anti-activities related to organizational constitution.
Article 7(b): Regaining membership
Membership can be regained through an apology, re-application, and payment of debts and signing of undertakings with the organization through the President/Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS OF TOP BRAND EXECUTIVE AND OTHERS
Article 8: Executive board members
The following members shall consist of the top brand of the organization (Board members)
The Chief Executive Officer (CEO)’s duties shall be directly aligned to those of the other board members. As the vision bearer, she shall have the authority to chair the elections of top executive board members.
In her capacity, she shall ensure the safety and security of all the members of the organization, protecting and ensuring a fair judgment in all activities.
She manages, coordinates and controls all the activities of the association for better realization of the objectives of the organization in all domains and at all times.
As the general overseer, she shall ratify and negotiate internal and external (national and international) affairs on behalf of the organization.
Ensure compliance with the constitution, rules and regulations of the organization, defend and protect members’ rights and ensure the smooth running of the organization.
Article 8(b): The Secretary General
Under the authority of the office of the Secretary General elected by the general assembly, shall be responsible for the smooth running of the secretariat working in close collaboration with the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) to meet the association’s objectives.
Shall work closely with the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) to take care of matters that cut across all the internal and external services and the liason offices.
Under the authority of the Secretary General, shall be in charge of recording, processing, distribution, classification and monitoring of confidential mails or documents.
Shall organize tasks and movement of the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and represent the association in all domains and at all levels as deem by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
Shall be responsible for the functioning, management and evaluation of all representations and shall define and codify the internal procedure under his control.
Article 8 (c): The Treasurer
Elected by the general assembly with recommendations from the founder, the treasurer is responsible for the functioning and management of all finances of the organization.
As the main signatory to the organizations’ account, shall record, sign and update all financial affairs and thus receive money from the organization and pay same to the account of the organization within 48 hours.
As the head of the finance department, shall make demands of the organization’s expenses within 7days and present to the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) for endorsement.
Shall during the half yearly, and end of year, report on the financial expenses of all activities, projects and shall summit financial report for audit control when need arise in the domain of income, expenditure, and shall present projects for financing and motivation.
Article 8(d): Programs Officer
Under the authority of the Programs Officer, elected by the general assembly, shall oversee, monitor and evaluate all programs and projects of the association from conceptualization to implementation under the general supervision of the Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
Shall take full part in the design and implementation of feasible projects of the association
Shall co-sign all partnership or projects with the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) when need be
Shall forward report of all activities within 2days and as soon as 3-5 days immediately after the implementation of each project to the board and or the Chairman.
Shall be responsible for receiving any humanitarian materials and report to the office for onward transmission to the appropriate quarters as stipulated.
Article 8(e): Technical Adviser
Under the authority of the Technical Adviser (s), shall provide all technical support and advise needed for smooth functioning of the programs and projects of the association
Shall provide technical input to all programs from Identification, design to implementation so as to ensure better results.
Any member voted out of post of responsibility out of good faith after its mandate, can be call upon by the Founder to join the Technical advisers.
Article (f): Advisers, Patrons and Matrons
All the good will ambassadors and supporters shall be known as patrons and matrons of the organization and as such, become advisers.
DEEDS AND REQUIREMENTS, FINANCE AND BANK ACCOUNT
Article 9: Deeds and Requirements
All members are expected to register with a non-refundable fee as agreed by the general assembly
There shall be no educational qualification requirement to gain membership into the association and or any post of responsibility
In any case, all aspiring members shall fully be approved upon payment of non registration fee decided by the executive of REWOCAM.
Article 10: Finances
The financial strength of the association shall be backed by:
Annual member dues
Contributions from members
It shall however remain that all the financial transactions of the association shall be for the interest of the vision per the objectives set forth in this document
Article 11: Bank Account
REWOCAM shall open a bank account in any bank of its choice and signatories to this account shall be:
The Secretary General
MEETINGS, APPOINTMENTS AND DISSOLUTION OF POST OF RESPONSIBILITY
ARTICLE 12: Annual General Meetings
(NAME OF ORGANIZATION)– Cameroon shall hold an Annual General Meeting (AGM) at no more than 15 month intervals.
Where possible members shall be notified personally, otherwise notice will be deemed served by advertising the meetings in at least five public places giving at least 14 days’ notice of the AGM.
Meetings shall be chaired by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) or any other representative appointed by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO)
The business of the AGM shall include:
Receiving a report from the (board) of the group’s activities over the year.
Receiving a report and presentation of the last financial year’s accounts from the Treasurer on the finances of the organization.
Accepting proposals for way-forward from members
The quorum for Annual General Meeting shall be at least eight (8) persons of which no more than four (4) shall be Board/committee members.
The written language shall be English while spoken shall be English, French, pidgin and mother tongue and or vernacular.
Article 13: Elections
All members of the executive board shall be elected by the general assembly, considering commitment of the member to the objectives of the association.
Only registered members are eligible to stand for elections for any posts of responsibilities
At least 50% women shall be elected members of the board, at all times
The term of office of an executive member is for a period of 3 years renewable thrice.
Article 13a: Electoral Qualification
Elections eligibility is open to registered members of the association who have served in the association for at least 3years or more.
Any member shall be entitled to have his name on electoral register, except in institutions where he or she is convicted by felony, an ex-convict, one subject to warrant of arrest, traces of insanity and when a member is not of sound mind.
Elections shall be at the general assembly meeting held at the end of the year and shall be chaired by the Founder and invited guests from other related associations who will help in the electoral management.
Article 13b: Termination of Post of Responsibility
The duties of the executive members shall be terminated for at least one of the following reasons:
Non-renewal of term of office
Resignation or death
Penalty imposed for felony (fixed term of imprisonment with banishment and civic disqualification
Physical or mental incapacity duly established by the board and or the Chief Executive Officer (CEO)
ARTICLE OF DISSOLUTION, AMENDMENTS AND FINAL PROVISION
Article 14: Article of dissolution
In case of dissolution, the organization shall through the top executives, deliberate and donate its items to an organization with similar objectives or charitable organization.
Article 15: Amendment
Any motion to alter any article of this constitution shall be through writing, addressed to the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and or the executive board for deliberations within a period of 52 clear days before the Annual General Assembly.
No amendment shall be admissible except with the approval from the vision bearer
Article 16: Final Provisions
All provisions to amend certain parts or the entirety of this constitution are hereby repealed and this law shall remain the legislative and judicial arm of the association and thus the people of (NAME OF ORGANIZATION)– Cameroon shall be liable to respect its norms with the approval of the Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
This law shall be registered, published according to the procedure of urgency and shared to all executive members of the association.
Adopted on the _15/02/2016
(Make sure all members of on the Executive List sign on the spaces above. You also reserve the right to chose how many members to have on your Exec. List. Have in mind that your organization will be legalized as an association [first] and so don’t add up complicated positions on the Exec. List. President or CEO, Programs Officer, Secretary General, Treasurer are good for a start. You can add up positions after you must have gotten the legal papers).
For the Executive List, just draw up a table containing six (06) columns with the following headings, respectively:
Name (Full name of the person as it appears on his/her Identification document)
Position (This should be the position you want the person to occupy in the organization eg (President, Treasurer etc)
Occupation (This should be the persons real life occupation e.g. Journalist, Lawyer, student etc)
Address (It should be where the person lives, plus telephone number
Are you a change agent? Do you have the fire in you to create lasting change in Cameroon? Do you spend your time thinking about how to touch the lives of Cameroonians? Have you ever wondered about what it will take to get your organization registered as an Association/NGO in Cameroon? Have you clicked, and clicked, and clicked — searching for some valuable information on how to go about this?
Your worries are over…I will tell it to you straight and direct.
Application for legalization addressed to the Senior Divisional Officer (SDO), through the Divisional Officer of the division where your headquarters will be located.
Names of Organization exco, for example, the Founder/Coordinator/President, the Treasurer, the Secretary General, and other positions you may deem necessary. This list must be tabulated with the following column headings, respectively; Serial number, Name, Occupation, Address, ID card number, Contact number, Position (occupied at the organization), Signature. Make two copies and certify them at any Police Special Unit
2 copies of the organization’s constitution (It is hard to write it yourself but you can seek help from an expert or beg a copy from an existing organization to serve as guide)
2 copies of two different minutes of constituent assembly/board meetings (before creation). This could be minutes of meetings held with members of the exco to adopt the constitution and minutes of meetings held to adopt the name of the organization. Or just minutes of any meeting held in the interest of the organization
2 fiscal stamps at 1000frs each (one on the application and one on the certified copy of exco members)
Before putting together these documents, you must have the constitution written our clearly. You must have also identified your different exco members so as to allow them fill in their information [and sign] on the list of exco. Remember to get the minutes ready. When you have had all these on your table, you are set to go and deposit them at the Divisional Office (DO’s office) for approval before onward transmission to the SDO’s office.
It is as easy as this. You may be called to the SDO’s office a few times to pick up your constitution or any other document for correction, don’t panic, you just need to get your articles and other things right and clear before signature. When you get it right, the SDO will sign, trust me.
You should understand that these days, in Cameroon, your organization will be born with the status of an Association. And then three years down the road, the Minister will approve and grant you an NGO status. This must be backed by visible community action on your part and follow up to get that done.
Yeah, that’s it.
You just made the right choice my dear so no turning back.
How To Use A Blog To KickStart Your Online Startup
This post was contributed.
Blogging is one of the most effective forms of content marketing. Blogs help you with building brand authority and backlinks to your website. This helps in drawing in a steady stream of inbound visits to your business.
Typically, marketers launch a blog to augment their business’ marketing efforts. However, the reverse can also be equally effective. When you run a blog that is targeted at a very niche audience, it is possible to create monetizable applications or products that appeal to this audience.
Here is a short guide on how to go about this strategy for your online startup.
Business Development Strategies That Work
Find a highly targeted blog niche
The first step in the process is to find a profitable niche that is highly targeted. For example, if you love automobiles, you could create a blog reviewing new cars. A quick point to note here – success with this strategy depends heavily on the niche that you pick.
Firstly, you should target an audience that can afford to buy things. For instance, a blog promoting freebies will attract readers who only want free goodies. It is difficult to pivot this into a business where this audience will likely pay for stuff.
Secondly, pick a content angle that targets an audience that is highly motivated to buy. Maybe you’re thinking about starting a travel blog, for example. You could talk about the history of various monuments like Taj Mahal or the Colosseum. That would however only attract history buffs interested in this topic.
Alternately, if your blogs talk about the cheapest fares to reach these places or tips to watch out for while visiting these monuments, you could be targeting an audience that is, in fact, looking to travel. It is easier to sell products to this latter category of readers.
Build a list
The importance of this step cannot be overstated. Blogging is an inbound marketing strategy and readers typically come to your website either from search engines or through social media channels. This typically means that you no longer have access to your visitors once they have bounced off your website. While you may always set up remarketing campaigns, this requires an ad budget and is not always the most preferred strategy.
Building an email list can thus be highly profitable. Create a lead magnet (for example, an ebook containing exclusive travel tips or an exclusive coupon code) that your readers can access in exchange for giving their email ID. This way, you build a list of targeted readers who you can reach out to for business later on. MailChimp is by far the most popular email marketing platforms. But there are also cheaper alternatives to MailChimp that are equally good.
Test out business ideas
Once you have built a substantial list of targeted buyers from a specific niche, it is time to get working on your business idea. Let’s be honest here – despite what you have achieved until now with your blogging efforts, finding the right business idea might still be a challenge. It might take several attempts to find the right business that works for your audience.
But launching a new business each time is expensive and certainly not easy. One way to do this is by talking to your community of users and seeking their feedback on your upcoming projects. If you have the resources to build a Minimum Viable Product (MVP), you could also invite test users to tinker with your application and seek feedback.
Alternately, you may also consider A/B testing your various business ideas. For instance, if you are exploring a couple of different ideas, you may seek feedback or buyers to a segment of your followers. You may finalize on one option based on the responses.
Developing your product
The final step in the process is, of course, building the product. By now you should be sure about how you plan to launch your product – is this a web or a mobile app? What is your pricing point? How do you plan to monetize the product? Most importantly, how do you market your product beyond your blog audience? You may consider hiring a technical cofounder or at least a consultant while hiring a developer for your product. This is especially true if you are not a tech nerd yourself.
Building a product can take a lot of iterations and it is important to keep your blog readers in the loop at every step of the way. This builds exposure for your upcoming app and also allows you to seek valuable feedback from your prospective customers.
Gone are the days when blogging was a viable business opportunity in itself. With ad rates plummeting, it is important for bloggers to identify suitable opportunities to monetize their blog audience. Building a startup product for your blog readers is not only an effective strategy but is also one of the sustainable ways to pivot your website into something larger than just a blog.
Readers, please share these 4 ideas for new business development.
I look forward to your views in the comments. Do you have any ideas about how to develop a new business?